Ch. 1: Plato
1) What does the Ring of Gyges’ myth say about human nature? Do you agree or disagree, and why?
2) What is the relationship between moderation and justice according to Socrates in the Republic? Is Socrates correct in suggesting that the moderate man will by necessity be a just man? Explain, and feel free to use examples drawn from your own experience.
3) Briefly summarize Socrates’ refutation of vulgar hedonism in the Gorgias. Do you find his arguments persuasive? Why or why not?
Ch. 2: Epicurus
4) According to Epicurus, what incentive or motive do people have to obey the laws and behave justly toward one another? Do you agree with Epicurus on this issue? Why or why not?
Ch. 3: Marcus Aurelius
5) ” Choose not to be harmedâ€”and you wonâ€™t feel harmed.
Donâ€™t feel harmedâ€”and you havenâ€™t been.” Explain Marcus Aurelius’ meaning in these lines. Do you agree or disagree, and why?
Ch. 4: St. Augustine
6) According to St. Augustine, is it possible to achieve true happiness by focusing on our body only? Why or why not? Do you agree or disagree, and why?