planning and integrating community health assessments

Part A: Planning and Integrating Community Health Assessments

Think of the Tongan example in the Weekly Introduction. What was the main reason the proposed public health program was ineffective? The students had failed to properly plan a community health assessment of their target community. If they had done a proper plan for the assessment, it might have lead them to propose a more culturally-appropriate program such as a plan for community dances, which the Tongans later suggested and proceeded to plan and implement without the students’ help.

A community health assessment is an important starting point for addressing any public health program. It provides a road map to follow throughout the process. As a public health professional, you will need to be familiar with the proper planning of this important tool, which provides the foundation for the entire program, and to understand how it is integrated in program planning.

For this Discussion, review the media titled Assessment and Potential Outcomes. Consider how individuals such as Water Missions Belize co-founder Jennifer Harsta, Country Director Douglas Flores, and Health Education Officer Arlette Sheppard from the Ministry of Health used community health assessments in the development of public health programs. If you have not completed Steps I and II, please refer to the examples of community health assessment (Monroe County Department of Public Health) in the Learning Resources or research a community health assessment you would like to use for this Discussion.

Post an explanation of the effects of improper planning of community health assessment on a public health program. Then, briefly describe the community and health issue you selected for this Discussion, and explain what strategies you might use to improve the planning of your community health assessment. Finally, explain how you might integrate the community health assessment into your program planning.

Program: A program to increase blood pressure screening for Latina women ages 30-55 living in Sumter County, SC

Please use attached documents as guidelines.

Part B: Theories and Models

Like an artist, a program planner who grounds health in theory creates innovative ways to address specific circumstances. He or she does not depend on a “paint-by-numbers” approach, re-hashing stale ideas, but uses a palette of behavior theories, skillfully applying them to develop unique, tailored solutions to problems.

—U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,

National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute,

Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion Practice

Health theories provide both a conceptual basis for public health programming and a framework to support its design, planning, implementation, and evaluation. They can explain why a health condition or issue might exist (explanatory theory) or what might work to mitigate a public health issue (change theory). Health theories are often integrated into health promotion models (Fertman & Allensworth, 2017). One theoretical health promotion model frequently used is the MAP-IT Model, developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the Healthy People 2020 Initiative.

For this Discussion, choose a health theory from the Learning Resources that would apply to your SPP. Then, review the Healthy People 2020 document from the Learning Resources and consider how you would integrate this health theory into the MAP-IT Model that could be used for your SPP.

SPP Topic: A program to increase blood pressure screening for Latina women ages 30-55 living in Sumter County, SC

Post a description of the health theory that you are using in your SPP. Then, explain how your chosen theory would inform your use of the MAP-IT Model. Explain two benefits and two limitations of using the MAP-IT Model in your SPP.

 
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